Battle of Lexington and Concord. [84], Lieutenant Colonel Smith heard the exchange of fire from his position in the town moments after he received the request for reinforcements from Laurie. The men on the Lexington Greene were just a handful of militia that did not have much intention to fight, but rather to show the British … The year and date that the Battle of Concord took place on Wednesday, April 19, 1775. They passed through the now mostly-deserted battlefield and saw dead and wounded comrades lying on the bridge. Lexington and Concord, Battle of. Through effective intelligence gathering, Patriot leaders had received word weeks before the expedition that their supplies might be at risk and had moved most of them to other locations. Upon this, they began to form up under heavy fire."[96]. When word leaked out a week after the battle that Gage was sending his official description of events to London, the Provincial Congress sent a packet of these detailed depositions, signed by over 100 participants in the events, on a faster ship. He quickly assembled two companies of grenadiers to lead toward the North Bridge himself. This delay in departure gave colonial militiamen from outlying towns additional time to reach the road back to Boston. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at American Revolution - Battle of Lexington and Concord webquest print page. Answer: Strategic victory of American militias over English red coats. The outnumbered regulars fell back from the minutemen after a pitched battle in open territory. The Day of Concord and Lexington. Lexington and Concord was in Massachusetts. The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the American Revolutionary War. In response, the British government in February 1775 declared Massachusetts to be in a state of rebellion. On April 17,1775 a war started between the Americans and the British. They were in plain sight (not hiding behind walls), but not blocking the road to Concord. Major John Pitcairn assumed effective command of the column and sent light infantry companies up the hill to clear the militia forces. They carried their haversacks (food bags), canteens, muskets, and accoutrements, and marched off in wet, muddy shoes and soggy uniforms. Which fictional book title best shows how President Polk handled the Texas border issue with Mexico? In April 1925, the United States Post Office issued three stamps commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Battles at Lexington and Concord. Heath sent messengers out to intercept arriving militia units, directing them to appropriate places along the road to engage the regulars. The first shots were fired just as the sun was rising at Lexington. Some accused the commander of this force, Colonel Timothy Pickering, of permitting the troops to pass because he still hoped to avoid war by preventing a total defeat of the regulars. At the time the British arrived they were outnumbered and at a tactical disadvantage. "[100] To the contrary, beginning at the North Bridge and throughout the British retreat, the colonial militias repeatedly operated as coordinated companies, even when dispersed to take advantage of cover. [61], We Nathaniel Mulliken, Philip Russell, [and 32 other men ...] do testify and declare, that on the nineteenth in the morning, being informed that ... a body of regulars were marching from Boston towards Concord ... About five o'clock in the morning, hearing our drum beat, we proceeded towards the parade, and soon found that a large body of troops were marching towards us, some of our company were coming to the parade, and others had reached it, at which time, the company began to disperse, whilst our backs were turned on the troops, we were fired on by them, and a number of our men were instantly killed and wounded, not a gun was fired by any person in our company on the regulars to our knowledge before they fired on us, and continued firing until we had all made our escape. After these delays, Percy's brigade, about 1,000 strong, left Boston at about 8:45 a.m., headed toward Lexington. BATTLE HONORS. In Lincoln, they ran into the British patrol led by Major Mitchell. Facing the threat of rebellion, British General Thomas Gage hoped to prevent violence by ordering the seizure of weapons and powder being stored in Concord, Massachusetts, twenty miles northwest of Boston. Gage considered himself to be a friend of liberty and attempted to separate his duties as governor of the colony and as general of an occupying force. Munroe stated that: After the first fire of the regulars, I thought, and so stated to Ebenezer Munroe ...who stood next to me on the left, that they had fired nothing but powder; but on the second firing, Munroe stated they had fired something more than powder, for he had received a wound in his arm; and now, said he, to use his own words, 'I'll give them the guts of my gun.' There is reasonable speculation that the confidential source of this intelligence was Margaret Gage, General Gage's New Jersey-born wife, who had sympathies with the Colonial cause and a friendly relationship with Warren. A. The Patriots found out long before it happened and safely evacuated the place. See. As they marched through Menotomy, sounds of the colonial alarms throughout the countryside caused the few officers who were aware of their mission to realize they had lost the element of surprise. They could hear gunfire in the distance as they set up their cannon and deployed lines of regulars on high ground with commanding views of the town. Two regulars were killed and perhaps six wounded, with no colonial casualties. This convoy was intercepted by a small party of older, veteran militiamen still on the "alarm list", who could not join their militia companies because they were well over 60 years of age. See answer malikfitzgerald4442 is waiting for your help. Jones was ordered at gunpoint to show where the guns were buried. [138], Four current units of the Massachusetts National Guard units (181st Infantry,[139] 182nd Infantry,[140] 101st Engineer Battalion,[141] and 125th Quartermaster Company[142]) are derived from American units that participated in the Battles of Lexington and Concord. )[105] Percy's troops arrived in Lexington at about 2:00 p.m. capsasha2 capsasha2 Answer: The British. Yet another theory is that the first shot was one fired by the British, that killed Asahel Porter, their prisoner who was running away (he had been told to walk away and he would be let go, though he panicked and began to run). But as he was from a company different from the men under his command, only three soldiers obeyed him. "[49] According to Parker's sworn deposition taken after the battle: I ... ordered our Militia to meet on the Common in said Lexington to consult what to do, and concluded not to be discovered, nor meddle or make with said Regular Troops (if they should approach) unless they should insult or molest us; and, upon their sudden Approach, I immediately ordered our Militia to disperse, and not to fire:—Immediately said Troops made their appearance and rushed furiously, fired upon, and killed eight of our Party without receiving any Provocation therefor from us. [16] Gage's decision to act promptly may have been influenced by the information he received on April 15, from a spy within the Provincial Congress, telling him that although the Congress was still divided on the need for armed resistance, delegates were being sent to the other New England colonies to see if they would cooperate in raising a New England army of 18,000 colonial soldiers. No one is actually sure who fired the first shot or if it was an American or British soldier. Some of them had been without sleep for two days and had marched 40 miles (64 km) in 21 hours, eight hours of which had been spent under fire. Infantry units would apply pressure to the sides of the British column. The two battles took place in the neighboring towns of what is now Middlesex County, Mass. On April 19, 1975, as a crowd estimated at 110,000 gathered to view a parade and celebrate the Bicentennial in Concord, President Gerald Ford delivered a major speech near the North Bridge, which was televised to the nation. The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the American Revolution (1775–83). ... the officers got to the front and presented their bayonets, and told the men if they advanced they should die. [132], After 1860, several generations of schoolchildren memorized Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem "Paul Revere's Ride". [98] Westford Minuteman, Rev. He knew that most of the colonists' powder and military supplies at Concord had already been hidden. During World War I, a film about Paul Revere's ride was seized under the Espionage Act of 1917 for promoting discord between the United States and Britain. The "Battle" took on an almost mythical quality in the American consciousness. Battle of Concord The British wanted to wipe out the weapon and ammunition storage in Concord The Americans fled from Lexington to defend Concord This was a more major battle then Lexington Effects of the battles This is the battle that started the revolutionary war Very good. [95] Now both principal leaders of the expedition were injured or unhorsed, and their men were tired, thirsty, and exhausting their ammunition. Pickering later claimed that he had stopped on Heath's orders, but Heath denied this. The ride was finished by Samuel Prescott. Colonel Smith, who was just arriving with the remainder of the regulars, heard the musket fire and rode forward from the grenadier column to see the action. Paul Revere also was important to the battle . In passing through these two sharp curves, the British force lost thirty soldiers killed or wounded, and four colonial militia were also killed, including Captain Jonathan Wilson of Bedford, Captain Nathan Wyman of Billerica, Lt. John Bacon of Natick, and Daniel Thompson of Woburn. The colonists lit signal fires and militia units were called up, while Loyalists fled to Boston for safety. It is ... said they are intending to go out again soon. Joseph Thaxter from the United States Literary Gazette, Vol 1, page 264.. Concord resident and Witness of the battle Rev. (He was later compelled to leave the country for inadvertently supporting the enemy. Click here to get an answer to your question ️ Who won the battle of lexington and concord, ma? 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